If you’re planning to immigrate to Canada in the year 2022 then here’s a quick guide to help you get a Canadian permanent residence. One can immigrate to Canada through Express Entry, Provincial Nominee Program (PNP), Quebec Immigration, and Family Sponsorship. According to the Canadian government, students, workers, and permanent residents can travel to Canada by abiding by the latest travel guidelines. Here, we bring you a quick breakdown of Immigration programs organized by the Canadian government:
Express Entry is the Canadian federal government’s main immigration pathway. It manages the application for three economic-class immigration programs: Canadian Experience Class, Federal Skilled Worker Program, and Federal Skilled Trades Programs. If you stand eligible for one of these programs, you may also be able to apply for a PNP (Provincial Nominee Program) which is an extension to the express entry. Some of the provinces manage their own application and are suitable for the candidates who do not stand a chance through express entry.
Express Entry system functions on points. One scores more points for having a high language score, work experience, post-secondary education, and for being between the age of 20 and 29. Other factors like proficiency in the French language, sibling in Canada, or a valid Canadian job offer.
Not every immigration candidate who submits the profile in the express entry pool will be able to apply for immigration. IRCC (Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada) welcomes the highest-scoring applicants from the pool to apply.
Provincial Nominee Program
PNP can be an ideal way for the candidates who do not qualify for Express Entry or for the people who want to score extra points. Apart from Nunavut and Quebec, every Canadian province and territory has a PNP. Every province and territory customize the programs according to their own economic and growth strategies. PNP is a two-tier application process, wherein first, you apply for the province or territory then if you receive the nomination you can apply to the federal government. There are two types of PNPs
- Enhanced PNP, which uses the Express Entry pool to draw candidates. If one receives a provincial nomination through enhanced PNP, the candidate automatically bags 600 points with the profile being pushed to the top of the express entry pool.
- Base PNP, which is more focused on recruiting candidates who support economic and population growth strategies.
Majorly the French-speaking province of Quebec has its own immigration program. However, the Government has the final word on who gets the Canadian permanent residence.
In order to immigrate to Quebec, one require a CSQ (Certificat de sélection du Québe) which is administered by the Ministère de l’Immigration, de la Francisation et de l’Intégration (MIFI). One can easily get the CSQ by applying for one of the Quebec’s immigration programs:
- Quebec Regular Skilled Worker Program — This program is purely for the French-speaking foreign workers in skilled occupations.
- Quebec Experience Program — This program is very popular amongst French-speaking international students from Quebec institutions.
- Quebec Permanent Immigration Pilot Programs — This program is for food processing and tech workers in certain occupations.
Once the applicant receives CSQ, it confirms the federal government that Quebec has selected you to apply for PR.
If you have your parents or siblings in Canada, you may be eligible for family sponsorship. Canadians can sponsor their spouses, dependents children or adult relatives, parents, and grandparents. In some cases, one can sponsor other family members too. There are eligibility criteria on both sides of the sponsorship program. The Canadian citizen must demonstrate that they can financially support you and the candidate must pass the criminal and medical admissibility criteria. Apart from this, both parties have to showcase the authentic proof of the relationship.